Typhoid perforation. A review of the literature since 1960.
Authors: van Basten JP,Stockenbrügger R,
Address: Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Journal: Trop Geogr Med.
Typhoid fever is still a major health problem in the developing parts of the world, with an estimated annual incidence of 540 per 100,000. Probably one of the most lethal complications of typhoid fever is ileal perforation, which affects especially young men. We reviewed the literature published after 1960 on typhoid perforation in different developing countries, with special attention to the incidence and outcome of typhoid perforation. Information was obtained on a total number of 1,990 cases of typhoid perforation in 66,157 patients with typhoid fever, published in 52 reports all over the world. The overall frequency of intestinal perforation in typhoid fever was 3% with an overall mortality rate of 39.6%. In an endemic area of typhoid fever, the diagnosis of typhoid perforation should be made on physical examination. Surgery is perferable to medical treatment.
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