Typhi genes expressed during infection or involved in pathogenesis.
Authors: Daigle F,
Address: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Montreal, C.P. 6128 Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3C 3J7. email@example.com
Journal: J Infect Dev Ctries.
Publication: 2008 Dec 1;2(6):431-7.
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Typhi), the aetiologic agent of typhoid fever, is a human restricted pathogen. Elucidation of the interactions between the infected host and this pathogen is critical to understand infectious diseases but is deterred by a lack of in vivo infection assays, since Typhi uniquely infects humans and there is no suitable animal model. Macrophages can be used as an alternative model, as the ability to survive and replicate within these cells is thought to be one of the major pathogenesis determinants for Salmonella. Typhi genes that are expressed within human macrophages have been identified, as well as Typhi immunogenic proteins expressed in humans with typhoid. Known virulence factors of Salmonella are expressed during infection of macrophages, such as SPI-2 encoded genes, supporting the validity of the model; however, many genes of unknown functions are also expressed. The importance of these genes should be investigated during future studies aimed at elucidating the intracellular lifestyle of this human-specific pathogen. This review describes Typhi genes expressed during infection or involved in cell interaction.
The contents within traveldoctoronline are presented only for informational purposes and cannot substitute for professional health care or any other medical treatment.All users of this website with health problems should be oblige always to consult their medical doctor before starting any treatment.