Systemic antifungal drugs for invasive fungal infection in preterm infants.
Authors: Clerihew L,McGuire W,
Address: Tayside Institute of Child Health, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK, DD1 9SY.
Journal: Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
invasive fungal infection is an increasingly common cause of mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. In addition to amphotericin B, a variety of newer antifungal drugs and drug preparations are available for treatment. There is a need to assess their relative merits.
In preterm infants with suspected or confirmed invasive fungal infection, does treatment with newer Systemic antifungal drugs or drug preparations, versus conventional amphotericin B alone, reduce mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes?
We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group. This included searches of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2003), MEDLINE (1966 - August 2003), EMBASE (1980 - August 2003), conference proceedings, and previous reviews.
Randomised and quasi-randomised control trials comparing one antifungal agent or combination of agents with another in preterm infants with suspected or confirmed invasive fungal infection.
We extracted the data using the standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group, with separate evaluation of trial quality and data extraction by each author, and synthesis of data using relative risk and risk difference. The pre-specified outcomes were death prior to hospital discharge, longer term neurodevelopment, and adverse drug reactions resulting in discontinuation of therapy.
We identified only one small trial. This study compared the use of fluconazole with amphotericin B (5-Fluorocytosine added if fungal meningitis present). Three of 11 infants who were treated with fluconazole died and four of 10 infants who were treated with amphotericin B died : Relative risk: 0.68 (95% confidence interval 0.20, 2.33), Risk Difference -0.13 (95% confidence interval -0.53, 0.27) There were not any data on longer term outcomes.
From this one small study there are insufficient data to favour one antifungal agent or combination to reduce mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants with suspected or confirmed invasive fungal infection. A large randomised controlled trial is required to compare the newer antifungal preparations with conventional amphotericin B. Further research may also determine the relative convenience and cost effectiveness of the available drugs.
The contents within traveldoctoronline are presented only for informational purposes and cannot substitute for professional health care or any other medical treatment.All users of this website with health problems should be oblige always to consult their medical doctor before starting any treatment.