Molecular cloning, expression, and serological evaluation of an 8-kilodalton subunit of antigen B from Echinococcus multilocularis.
Authors: Mamuti W,Yamasaki H,Sako Y,Nakao M,Xiao N,Nakaya K,Sato N,Vuitton DA,Piarroux R,Lightowlers MW,Craig PS,Ito A,
Address: Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan.
Journal: J Clin Microbiol.
Publication: 2004 Mar;42(3):1082-8.
Free Text: Molecular cloning, expression, and serological evaluation of an 8-kilodalton subunit of antigen B from Echinococcus multilocularis.
Full-length cDNA and genomic DNA encoding an 8-kDa subunit of antigen B from Echinococcus multilocularis (designated EmAgB8/1) were isolated from an E. multilocularis metacestode cDNA library and a protoscolex genomic DNA library, respectively. The open reading frame of the cDNA clone encodes a polypeptide comprising 85 amino acids with a 20-amino-acid NH(2)-terminal signal sequence, which was confirmed following N-terminal sequencing of the native antigen. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed that the clone encoding EmAgB8/1 is predominantly transcribed in larval E. multilocularis. The gene consists of two exons (encoding the signal sequence and mature protein) separated by a 91-bp intron. The mature form was expressed in Escherichia coli, and its antigenic reactivity was compared with that of a counterpart, an 8-kDa subunit of antigen B from Echinococcus granulosus (EgAgB8/1) by Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with serum samples from patients confirmed to have cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE). Recombinant EmAgB8/1 showed positive reactions in Western blots with 81.3% (65 of 80) of serum samples from CE patients and 40.6% (26 of 64) of serum samples from AE patients, while recombinant EgAgB8/1 showed positive reactions with 86% (43 of 50) and 42% (19 of 45) of the serum samples from these CE and AE patients, respectively. By the ELISA, both EmAgB8/1 and EgAgB8/1 exhibited similar positive reactions with 88% (44 of 50) of serum samples from CE patients and 37.8% (17 of 45) serum samples from AE patients. Statistical analysis revealed that the sensitivity of EmAgB8/1 was comparable to that of EgAgB8/1 for the serodiagnosis of echinococcal diseases. There was no cross-reaction with sera from patients with cysticercosis, which often cross-react when native antigens are used for serodiagnosis.
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