Authors: Rojo-Marcos G,Cuadros-González J,Gete-García L,Prieto-Ríos B,Arcos-Pereda P,
Address: Servicios de Medicina Interna, Hospital Príncipe de Asturias, Madrid, España. firstname.lastname@example.org
Journal: Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin.
To study the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of malaria and the diagnosis of this condition in a general hospital that does not have a specialized tropical medicine unit.
Retrospective study of all malaria cases diagnosed by thick film and/or PCR-positive status for any Plasmodium spp. from 1999 to 2003 in Hospital Príncipe de Asturias in Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, Spain).
Over the period studied, 89 cases of malaria were diagnosed. Most patients were African immigrants who had recently left their countries of origin (52%), or immigrants residing in Spain who had traveled to Africa for a short visit (35%) and did not take prophylaxis. The distribution of cases by species was Plasmodium falciparum 89%, P. ovale 7% and P. malariae 4%. Clinical data were non-specific and the percentage of severe complications was low (6.7%). A second-generation test for rapid detection of P. falciparum antigen (PfHRP2) was studied in a group of 46 patients with suspected malaria; the results obtained were similar to thick film as compared to PCR for diagnosing P. falciparum infection.
Access to information on prevention and chemoprophylaxis should be available to all travelers, particularly immigrants visiting their countries of origin. Most semi-immune patients with uncomplicated malaria can be treated on an outpatient basis. PfHRP2 antigen detection, a fast, reliable method for diagnosing malaria due to P. falciparum, can be used in addition to the thick film method in our setting.Related ArticlesClinicoepidemiological study of imported malaria in travelers and immigrants to Madrid.
J Travel Med. 1999
Clinicoepidemiological study of imported malaria in travelers and immigrants to Madrid.
López-Vélez R, Viana A, Pérez-Casas C, Martín-Aresti J, Turrientes MC, García-Camacho A. J Travel Med. 1999 Jun; 6(2):81-6. Imported malaria in children: a comparative study between recent immigrants and immigrant travelers (VFRs).
J Travel Med. 2010
Imported malaria in children: a comparative study between recent immigrants and immigrant travelers (VFRs).
Arnáez J, Roa MA, Albert L, Cogollos R, Rubio JM, Villares R, Alarabe A, Cervera A, López-Vélez R. J Travel Med. 2010 Jul-Aug; 17(4):221-7. [Malaria imported by immigrants in Catalonia].
Med Clin (Barc). 1995
[Malaria imported by immigrants in Catalonia].
Cabezos J, Durán E, Treviño B, Bada JL. Med Clin (Barc). 1995 Jan 21; 104(2):45-8. Review [Plasmodium ovale infection: description of 16 cases and a review].
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. ...Review
[Plasmodium ovale infection: description of 16 cases and a review].
Rojo-Marcos G, Cuadros-González J, Gete-García L, Gómez-Herruz P, López-Rubio M, Esteban-Gutierrez G. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2011 Mar; 29(3):204-8. Epub 2011 Feb 20.Review Pathological rupture of the spleen in malaria: analysis of 55 cases (1958-2008).
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009Review
Pathological rupture of the spleen in malaria: analysis of 55 cases (1958-2008).
Imbert P, Rapp C, Buffet PA. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009 May; 7(3):147-59. Epub 2009 Feb 7.Migration and malaria in europe.
Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis....
Migration and malaria in europe.
Monge-Maillo B, López-Vélez R. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis. 2012; 4(1):e2012014. Epub 2012 Mar 10.Imported malaria in pregnancy in Madrid.
Malar J. 2012
Imported malaria in pregnancy in Madrid.
Jiménez BC, Cuadros-Tito P, Ruiz-Giardin JM, Rojo-Marcos G, Cuadros-González J, Canalejo E, Cabello N, San Martín JV, Barrios AM, Hinojosa J, et al. Malar J. 2012 Apr 11; 11:112. Epub 2012 Apr 11.Epidemiology of imported malaria among children and young adults in Barcelona (1990-2008).
Malar J. 2011
Epidemiology of imported malaria among children and young adults in Barcelona (1990-2008).
Garcia-Villarrubia M, Millet JP, de Olalla PG, Gascón J, Fumadó V, i Prat JG, Treviño B, Pinazo MJ, Cabezos J, Muñoz J, et al. Malar J. 2011 Nov 25; 10:347. Epub 2011 Nov 25.
map | Diseases | Vaccination
| Chronic disease | Medicine
| Heat & Sunburn | Cold | Security
| Useful tips | Faq
TraveldoctorOnline 2001 •
Disclaimer • webmaster