Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for mumps and parainfluenza type 1 immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M antibodies.
Authors: Ukkonen P,Väisänen O,Penttinen K,
Journal: J Clin Microbiol.
Publication: 1980 Apr;11(4):319-23.
A solid-phase Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of mumps and parainfluenza type 1 antibodies (immunoglobulin G [IgG] and IgM classes) is described and compared with the conventional complement fixation (CF) test. A highly positive correlation was found between mumps IgG ELISA and the mumps CF test, whereas parainfluenza type 1 IgG ELISA had only a moderate positive correlation with the respective CF test. Mumps IgM antibodies could be demonstrated in all patients with serologically verified and clinically typical (parotitis, meningitis, or orchitis) mumps virus infection, but not in patients with rises in parainfluenza CF titers. Mumps IgM was already present in the acute-phase sera if they were not taken during the first 2 days after onset of disease. Mumps IgM was also found in some paired sera that were taken too late to demonstrate any significant increase in the antibody titers by CF. Therefore, mumps IgM ELISA provides an improvement over the conventional laboratory diagnosis of mumps infection, since the measurement of specific IgM antibodies in a single serum by ELISA is diagnostic, rather than the identification of a fourfold or greater rise in CF antibody titer. An unexpected finding was that parainfluenza type 1 IgM antibodies could not be demonstrated by ELISA in paired sera with rises in parainfluenza CF titers, suggesting a different antibody response from that occurring in mumps infection.
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