Skiing Injury Prevention
Collision on the pist is the cause of most skiing injuries together with bad adjusted bindings. Therefore the International Ski Federation (FIS) endorses a responsibility code for skiers. FIS rules on the slopes Always stay in control and be able to stop or avoid other people or objects You must not stop where you obstruct a trail or are not visible from above People ahead of you have the right of way. It is your responsibility to avoid them Observe and respect all posted signs and warnings. Keep off closed trails and out of closed areas You are obliged to help victims on the slope In case of an accident you are obliged to identify yourself unless you are not involved in the accident. Additional; incorrect adjusted binding causes many accident therefore:
Buy boots and bindings that have been set, adjusted, maintained and tested by a ski shop that follows common standard job practices. Check the binding og each ski before skiing. The binding must be properly adjusted to the skier's height and weight.
Skiing Injury Prevention Resource:
Emergency department-reported head injuries from skiing and snowboarding among children and adolescents, 1996-2010. Graves JM, Whitehill JM, Stream JO, Vavilala MS, Rivara FP. . 2013 Mar 19. [Epub ahead of print Inj Prev Kite Skier's Toe: An Unusual Case of Frostbite. Russell KW, Imray CH, McIntosh SE, Anderson R, Galbraith D, Hudson ST, Cochran AL. Wilderness Environ Med. 2013 Mar 6. doi:pii: S1080-6032(12)00378-X. 10.1016/j.wem.2012.11.013. [Epub ahead of print What are the Exercise-Based Injury Prevention Recommendations for Recreational Alpine Skiing and Snowboarding? : A Systematic Review. Hébert-Losier K, Holmberg HC. Sports Med. 2013 Mar 6. [Epub ahead of print Kinematics of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Ruptures in World Cup Alpine Skiing: 2 Case Reports of the Slip-Catch Mechanism. Bere T, Mok KM, Koga H, Krosshaug T, Nordsletten L, Bahr R. Am J Sports Med. 2013 Feb 28. [Epub ahead of print Skiing and snowboarding injury prevention. Warda LJ, Yanchar NL; Canadian Paediatric Society, Injury Prevention Committee. Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Jan;17(1):35-8. English, French. Wristwatch-associated ski injury. Cope TA, McCabe M. Wilderness Environ Med. 2013 Mar;24(1):15-6. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2012.08.017. Epub 2012 Dec 14 An evidence-based review: efficacy of safety helmets in the reduction of head injuries in recreational skiers and snowboarders. Haider AH, Saleem T, Bilaniuk JW, Barraco RD; Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma Injury ControlViolence Prevention Committee. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Nov;73(5):1340-7. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e318270bbca. Review Drowning--United States, 2005-2009. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 May 18;61(19):344-7 Performance analysis of winter activity protection headgear for young children. Hoshizaki B, Vassilyadi M, Post A, Oeur A. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Feb;9(2):133-8. doi: 10.3171/2011.11.PEDS11299 A population-based study of sport and recreation-related head injuries treated in a Canadian health region. Harris AW, Jones CA, Rowe BH, Voaklander DC. J Sci Med Sport. 2012 Jul;15(4):298-304. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2011.12.005. Epub 2012 Jan 12 Evaluation of a ski and snowboard injury prevention program. Cusimano M, Luong WP, Faress A, Leroux T, Russell K. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2013;20(1):13-8. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2011.648677. Epub 2012 Jan 9 The injury experience at the 2010 winter paralympic games. Webborn N, Willick S, Emery CA. Clin J Sport Med. 2012 Jan;22(1):3-9. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e318243309f [ Skiing injuries in school sport and possibilioties to prevent them]. Greier K. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2011 Dec;25(4):216-21. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1281816. Epub 2011 Dec 12. German. [Attitudes of winter sport participants toward ski helmet mandatory]. Ruedl G, Kopp M, Hotter B, Ledochowski L, Burtscher M. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2011 Dec;25(4):211-5. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1273300. Epub 2011 Dec 12. German. Traumatic hip dislocation in a 3-year-old girl. Baker JF, Leonard M, Devitt BM, Queally JM, Noel J. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Dec;27(12):1178-9. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e31823b0e71 Temporal variation in childhood injury from common recreational activities. Loder RT, Abrams S. . 2011 Sep;42(9):945-57 Injury Snowboarding injuries. Sachtleben TR. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2011 Nov-Dec;10(6):340-4. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e318237be2a Snowboard wrist guards--use, efficacy, and design. A systematic review. Kim S, Lee SK. Bull NYU Hosp Jt Dis. 2011;69(2):149-57. Review Frostbites in circumpolar areas. Ikäheimo TM, Hassi J. Glob Health Action. 2011;4. doi: 10.3402/gha.v4i0.8456. Epub 2011 Oct 10 Snowboarding injuries in Australia: investigating risk factors in wrist fractures to enhance injury prevention strategies. Dickson TJ, Terwiel FA. Wilderness Environ Med. 2011 Sep;22(3):228-35. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2011.04.002 First
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