Heat Stroke

Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to regulate its temperature.

Symptoms of Heat Stroke

Warning signs of heat stroke vary but may include the following:

    • An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F, orally)


  • Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
  • Rapid, strong pulse
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Unconsciousness


What to Do

  • Call for immediate medical assistance
  • While waiting for medical assistance cool the victim rapidly using whatever methods you can.

Sun Exposure


Sun Exposure

Traveling to areas where air temperature and air moisture exceeds what you are used to some precausions have to be taken. The best protection after staying indoor is using a sun lotion with an appropriate Sun Protection Factor factor 15 or higher. Sun factor preparations work by reducing or blocking the effects of sunlight allowing a person to stay in the sun longer. Re-apply regulary especially during prolonged exposure to sun and after swimming.

If you take any medication it is recommended to check if the medicine increases the skin’s sensitivity to sunlight.

General Precautions

  • Avoid the mid-day sun, usually from noon until 2 p.m. (3 p.m. in the tropics).
  • Adults should wear a broad brimmed hat, long sleeved shirts and sunglasses.
  • Children should wear long sleeved shirts, hats and high-factor waterproof sun-lotion
  • Babies under 9 months should be kept out of direct sunlight.
  • Never lie in the sun to dry off after swimming, the skin will burn in a matter of minutes.
  • use sunglasses ( for maximal protection use glasses with an light absorption up to 400 nm)
  • High altitude climbers etc. should wear a hat with a neck cover and sunglasses with nose shields and blinker side pieces.

Notice that wet, bleached and old clothing have reduced ability for sun protection.

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Medical Kit


Medical Kit

Sufficient medical supplies should be carried to meet all foreseeable needs for the duration of the trip.
A medical kit should be carried for all destinations where there may be significant health risks, particularly those in developing countries, and/or where the local availability of specific medications is not certain. This kit will include basic medicines to treat common ailments, first-aid articles, and any special medical items that may be needed by the individual traveler. Be sure to track any medicine you may be taking for any chronic conditions.

Contents of a basic medical kit:

  • adhesive tape
  • antiseptic wound cleanser
  • bandages
  • emollient eye drops
  • insect repellent
  • insect bite treatment
  • nasal decongestant
  • oral rehydration salts
  • scissors and safety pins
  • simple analgesic (e.g. paracetamol)
  • sterile dressing
  • clinical thermometer
  • sterile syringes and needle
  • condoms
  • sedatives
  • sun-protection
  • a flashlight
  • energy boosters, caffeine pills, or supplement to improve cognition

Emergency medical travel kits should carry sufficient identification to ensure their acceptance by Customs officials but the contents should not be opened until needed. It is also unwise to carry loose syringes or needles unless you have a doctor’s letter explaining their purpose – if, for example, you are a diabetic.

Heat & Sunburn



It is well knowned that exposure to sun damage the skin. The single most important thing you can do for your skin is to wear a sun block every day. All ultraviolet (UV) rays damage the skin. Sun-tanning will eventually make your skin thickened and tough, with irregular brown areas, wrinkles, and dilated blood vessels.

Internal skincare: Preparations containing antioxidants and nutrients which are important for collagen formation in the dermis. An antioxidant helps defend the skin against signs of ageing by neutralising free radicals formed by sunlight.

External skincare: A skin damaged by sunlight needs care. Take a chilled bath and use a fresh and soothing after sun rehydrating creme or lotion.